For older adults, loneliness ups mortality after nonelective surgery

For older adults present process nonelective surgical procedure, loneliness is related to elevated odds of demise at 30 days, in accordance with a analysis letter revealed on-line Nov. 16 in JAMA Surgical procedure.

Mary R. Shen, M.D., from the Middle for Healthcare Outcomes and Coverage in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and colleagues examined whether or not loneliness is related to postoperative mortality amongst a cohort of 4,453 older adults (imply age, 75.0 years) utilizing knowledge from the Well being and Retirement Research linked to Medicare claims. Total, 14.0 p.c of the sufferers underwent nonelective surgical procedure.

The imply loneliness rating within the cohort was 1.5. The researchers discovered that the unadjusted 30-day mortality fee was 1.8 p.c (0.9 and seven.4 p.c within the elective and nonelective teams, respectively). Amongst sufferers present process elective surgical procedure, loneliness was not related to larger odds of demise at 30 days (odds ratio, 0.46; 95 p.c confidence interval, 0.20 to 1.01; P = 0.053). Nevertheless, loneliness was related to larger odds of demise at 30 days amongst sufferers present process nonelective surgical procedure (odds ratio, 1.76; 95 p.c confidence interval, 1.03 to three.02; P = 0.04).

“The prevalence of loneliness amongst older people and its affiliation with mortality after present process nonelective surgical procedure highlights the necessity for enhanced postoperative help for these sufferers,” the authors write.

One writer disclosed monetary ties to a medical insurance firm.

Extra info:
Mary R. Shen et al, Affiliation Between Loneliness and Postoperative Mortality Amongst Medicare Beneficiaries, JAMA Surgical procedure (2022). DOI: 10.1001/jamasurg.2022.4784

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For older adults, loneliness ups mortality after nonelective surgical procedure (2022, November 16)
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